Let’s look at three commonly used models in instructional design. This is just an overview. If you’d like a deeper understanding of any model, it’s recommended that you research university sites and existing tutorials on platforms like YouTube. There are numerous excellent resources to help you apply each model.
1. ADDIE Model
Application: ADDIE is highly versatile and can be applied in various settings, from corporate training to educational courses. Its systematic approach ensures that every aspect of instructional design is thoroughly considered, making it suitable for developing a wide range of learning materials, including print-based resources.
2. Bloom’s Taxonomy
Application: Bloom’s Taxonomy is widely used in educational settings to structure learning objectives, assessments, and activities. It ensures that instructional materials cater to a range of cognitive levels, from basic knowledge acquisition to higher-order thinking skills. This model is particularly useful in developing curriculum content and learning outcomes that encourage critical thinking and problem-solving.
3. SAM (Successive Approximation Model)
Application: SAM is particularly effective in projects where requirements are not fully defined from the outset or are expected to change. It is well-suited for e-learning projects and other digital training programs where interactive elements and user engagement are key. The iterative nature allows for flexibility and adaptability, making it ideal for projects with tight timelines or those requiring frequent updates based on learner feedback or changing content needs.
Each of these models offers unique advantages and can be selected based on the specific requirements of the instructional design project, including the nature of the content, the preferences of the instructional designer, and the needs of the learners.